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Decision in case 129/2018/NF on the European Commission’s view that the complainant does not qualify as an interested party in relation to allegedly illegal State aid granted by Germany for services in the tourism industry

Δευτέρα | 24 Σεπτεμβρίου 2018

The case concerned the European Commission’s handling of a complaint about allegedly illegal State aid granted by Germany to a company promoting regional tourism. The complaint was submitted by an association whose members offer accommodation in the relevant region. The Commission took the view that the complainant was not a competitor of the beneficiary of the alleged aid and thus not an ‘interested party’ allowed to make a State aid complaint. The Commission therefore rejected the State aid complaint as inadmissible. The complainant did not agree and turned to the Ombudsman.

The Ombudsman inquired into the issue and found that the Commission’s position that the complainant is not an ‘interested party’ under EU State aid law was reasonable and that so was the Commission’s rejection of the State aid complaint. The Ombudsman thus closed the case with a finding of no maladministration.

Décision dans l’affaire 42/2017/DR concernant la manière dont la Commission européenne a traité la correspondance du plaignant faisant suite à la clôture de sa plainte contre la France relative à la double imposition des cotisations de sécurité sociale

Παρασκευή | 21 Σεπτεμβρίου 2018

L’affaire portait sur la manière dont la Commission européenne a traité la correspondance du plaignant dans le cadre de sa plainte contre la France relative à la double imposition de cotisations de sécurité sociale aux personnes résidant en France mais exerçant une activité professionnelle dans un autre État, la Suisse dans ce cas.

Le Médiateur européen a ouvert une enquête et a constaté que la Commission avait fourni au plaignant une explication raisonnable concernant le maintien de sa décision de ne pas ouvrir de procédure d’infraction à l’encontre de la France, et n’a donc pas commis de mauvaise administration. En outre, au cours de l’enquête, la Commission a répondu à une lettre du plaignant qui était restée sans réponse, et a ainsi réglé cet aspect de la plainte.

Le Médiateur européen a donc décidé de clore l’enquête.

Entscheidung im Fall 1349/2018/MIG über das Versäumnis der Europäischen Kommission, auf die Bitte eines Teilnehmers an der Umfrage „Konsultation zur Zukunft Europas“, eine Kopie seines Beitrags zu erhalten, zu antworten

Παρασκευή | 21 Σεπτεμβρίου 2018

1. Der Beschwerdeführer hatte im Mai 2018 an der Umfrage „Konsultation zur Zukunft Europas“[1] der Europäischen Kommission teilgenommen. Am 22. Mai 2018 wandte er sich mit der Bitte an die Kommission, ihm eine Kopie seines Beitrags zu übersenden. Am 25. Mai 2018 wandte er sich zudem an die Vertretung der Kommission in Berlin, Deutschland. Da der Beschwerdeführer keine Antwort erhielt, wandte er si...

Decision in case 1282/2018/EWM on the European Commission’s refusal to grant public access to a message from a European Commission official to an official of the United Kingdom concerning the draft Recommendation of the Council of Europe on the roles and responsibilities of internet intermediaries

Τετάρτη | 19 Σεπτεμβρίου 2018

The case concerned the European Commission’s handling of a request for access to documents related to the draft Recommendation of the Council of Europe on the roles and responsibilities of internet intermediaries, such as hosts of web-based services, search engines and sales platforms.

The Commission gave full access to some documents, gave partial access to other documents and refused to grant access to certain other documents. In particular, the Commission refused to grant access to a message from a European Commission official to the WeProtect Global Alliance secretariat at the United Kingdom Home Office. The Commission argued that disclosure would undermine the protection of the public interest as regards international relations and public security. The complainant contested the Commission’s decision, partly on the basis of the presence of private companies on the Board of WeProtect. He argued that under such circumstances, the message could not be considered to undermine international relations.

The Ombudsman found no maladministration by the Commission in refusing to give access to this particular document and closed the case.

Decision in case 811/2017/EA on the transparency of “advisory bodies” that influence the development of EU policy

Τετάρτη | 19 Σεπτεμβρίου 2018

This case is about the transparency of “advisory bodies” that influence the development of EU policy.

The ‘Group of Personalities’ was set up by the Commissioner for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs to help to advise on how the EU can support research related to the Common Security and Defence Policy. An NGO, the European Network Against Arms Trade, complained to the Ombudsman about the lack of transparency regarding the Group of Personalities. It noted, in particular, that the Group did not appear on the European Commission’s Register of expert groups and other similar entities.

The Ombudsman agrees that, in view of its composition - it included political members such as members of the European Parliament, national Parliaments and the Commission - it would be difficult for the Group of Personalities to be considered as an ‘expert group’. However, the Ombudsman notes that the Group of Personalities provided advice in relation to the preparation of a policy initiative, in the same way as an expert group, and that an appropriate level of transparency should have applied to its work. The Ombudsman suggests that an appropriate level of transparency, in relation to this Group, be ensured retrospectively by the Commission. She also suggests that, for the future, the Commission can strengthen public trust in its work by ensuring that appropriate transparency measures are applied to any new version of the Group of Personalities and similar advisory groups that influence important policy areas. Information to be provided about such groups should include, in particular, membership, agendas and minutes of meetings, as well as the criteria for the selection of their non-political members and the measures taken to ensure a balance of relevant stakeholders.

Decision in case 1352/2018/LM on the European Commission’s refusal to grant access to the file of the EU PILOT procedure 8847/16/EMPL.

Τετάρτη | 19 Σεπτεμβρίου 2018

The complaint to the European Commission 1. On 20 May 2018, the complainant asked the European Commission for access to the file of an ongoing EU-Pilot procedure[1] (8847/16/EMPL) against Italy. In particular, he asked to have access to all the letters exchanged by the Commission and Italy (hereinafter, “the requested documents”). The procedure in question concerned Italy’s compliance with a numbe...

Decision in case 25/2018/CEC on how the European Commission handled correspondence about EU rules concerning breast implants

Τετάρτη | 19 Σεπτεμβρίου 2018

The case concerned how the European Commission dealt with correspondence concerning EU rules on breast implants. The complainant felt the Commission had failed (a) to reply to concerns it raised about the Scientific Committee on Health and Environment and Emerging Risks (which provides scientific advice to the Commission) and its advice concerning breast implants. The complainant also believed that the Commission, in considering the risks related to breast implants, had failed (b) to take into account information demonstrating a causal link between breast implants and anaplastic large-cell lymphoma. The complainant wanted the Commission (c) to request that EU Member States (temporarily) place a moratorium on textured breast implants.

The Ombudsman inquired into the issue and found that the Commission had replied to the complainant. Regarding aspects (b) and (c) of the complaint, the Ombudsman found that there was no maladministration by the Commission.

The Ombudsman therefore closed the inquiry.

Decision in case 540/2017/AMF on the European Commission’s refusal to grant full access to a document related to an infringement procedure against Spain about a Spanish tax on energy production

Τρίτη | 18 Σεπτεμβρίου 2018

The case concerned the refusal by the European Commission to grant full public access to a note related to an infringement complaint about a Spanish tax on energy production. The Commission argued that full disclosure of the note would undermine the protection of ongoing court proceedings (in the national courts) and the privacy and integrity of individuals.

The Ombudsman inquired into the issue and found that the Commission´s decision to grant only partial access to the note was justified.

The Ombudsman therefore closed the inquiry with a finding of no maladministration.

Decision in case 763/2018/LM on the European Environmental Agency’s termination of a staff member’s employment contract at the end of the probationary period

Δευτέρα | 17 Σεπτεμβρίου 2018

Based on the information provided by the complainant, the Ombudsman finds no maladministration by the EEA in relation to its decision to terminate the complainant’s employment contract at the end of the probationary period.

Decision in case 969/2018/MMO on the European Commission’s failure to answer correspondence concerning an infringement complaint against Lithuania about its alleged non-compliance with Article 17 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights

Πέμπτη | 13 Σεπτεμβρίου 2018

1. On 21 March 2018, the complainant wrote to the European Commission (“the Commission”) about the non-compliance by Lithuania with Article 17(1) of the European Charter of Fundamental Rights. As the complainant did not receive an acknowledgment of receipt of that infringement complaint, nor a substantive reply, he turned to the European Ombudsman, on 28 May 2018. 2. The Ombudsman’s inquiry team c...