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Decision in case 1233/2019/MMO on how the European Commission ensures that Member State governments spend European Structural and Investment Funds in line with the obligations stemming from the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Donnerstag | 30 Juli 2020

The case concerned the use of European Structural and Investment Funds (ESI funds) for the construction of institutional care facilities for persons with disabilities in Hungary and Portugal. The complainant considered that the European Commission should have taken action on these projects, as it believed them to be at odds with the EU’s obligations to ensure people with disabilities are supported to live independently and to be included in the community.

The Ombudsman already had occasion, in the course of an earlier inquiry, to set out her views on the use of ESI funds on institutions rather than to promote independent living. The Ombudsman was encouraged by the Commission’s follow-up to her suggestions in that case, received in the course of this inquiry, and in particular the greater ambition it is showing for the 2021-27 programming period.

In this case, the Ombudsman finds that, as regards the first phase of the ‘deinstitutionalisation’ process in Hungary, the Commission has not acted in a sufficiently timely manner. Due to the lessons learnt in that phase, however, the Commission has shown greater caution as regards the use of ESI funds to continue the deinstitutionalisation process in that Member State. In the case of Portugal, the Ombudsman trusts that the Commission will act upon the findings and recommendations of the UN and the upcoming expert report in an effective manner.

On this basis, the Ombudsman closes the inquiry. She will now examine with the members of the European Network of Ombudsmen the need for further work in this area, in particular in light of the problems encountered in institutional care facilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. She also sets out three suggestions for improvement to address the issues identified in this case.  

Decision in case 83/2019/KT on how the European Personnel Selection Office accommodated a candidate´s special needs in a selection procedure for EU civil servants

Mittwoch | 27 November 2019

The complainant is a visually impaired candidate who participated in a selection procedure for EU civil servants organised by the European Personnel Selection Office (EPSO). She argued that, in a test, she was not given the special accommodation promised to her, which was a manual timer.

It was not possible to establish what type of device EPSO had given the complainant and whether the complainant had received instructions on how to use it. However, EPSO informed the Ombudsman that it was working on improving the information on special accommodation measures that it makes available to candidates.   

The Ombudsman closed the case with a suggestion to EPSO that it informs her of the updated information on special accommodation measures. The Ombudsman also suggested that candidates who are promised special measures be clearly informed, beforehand and in writing, about how they should proceed if they consider that there is a problem with these measures on the spot.

Decision in case 1848/2018/KR on the European Commission’s rejection of an organisation's application in a call for proposals which aimed to establish support for European networks active in the area of rights of persons with disabilities

Donnerstag | 07 November 2019

The case concerned a 2017 grant procedure organised by the European Commission under the Rights, Equality and Citizenship programme. The complainant is the European Network on Independent Living (‘ENIL’), a Europe-wide network of people with disabilities, who applied for a grant under this procedure.

The Commission assessed ENIL’s application and decided not to recommend it for funding. The complainant alleged that the Commission had not evaluated its application fairly. The complainant also argued there was a lack of transparency preventing it from establishing in what respect its application for funding failed to meet the different evaluation criteria.

The Ombudsman inspected documents in the Commission’s file on the grant procedure and found no evidence of unfair treatment of the complainant. The Ombudsman concluded that the Commission’s reasoning and scoring in the assessment of the proposals was plausible and consistent.

The Ombudsman also assessed whether the Commission had provided the complainant with enough information about why its proposal was rejected. The Ombudsman found that the Commission had informed the complainant about why its bid was unsuccessful, including by meeting the complainant after the rejection letter had been sent out.

The Ombudsman closed the inquiry finding no maladministration. She noted, however, that the Commission should give an entity seeking funding a full copy of the Commission’s overall assessment of the proposal, on request, including the marks awarded for each criterion and an explanation as regards why that mark was awarded.

Decision in case 1035/2018/AP on how the European Parliament dealt with a request from a staff member with a disability to be allowed to work remotely

Donnerstag | 10 Oktober 2019

The case concerned the European Parliament’s decision to reject the request from a staff member with a disability to be allowed to work remotely to accommodate her special needs. Parliament argued that the complainant does not need to work remotely to be able to carry out the essential tasks of her job.

Based on her inquiry, the Ombudsman found that there was no maladministration by Parliament.  

Decision in case 1353/2018/KT against the European Personnel Selection Office concerning the rescheduling of tests of a candidate with a disability in a selection procedure to recruit EU civil servants

Dienstag | 02 Juli 2019

This case against the European Personnel Selection Office (EPSO) concerned the rescheduling of the ‘computer-based tests’ for a candidate with a disability who took part in a selection procedure for EU civil servants. The complainant contended that EPSO did not communicate clearly to him how he could reschedule his test appointment. He further argued that EPSO was wrong to refuse to reschedule an appointment he missed due to illness.

In the course of the inquiry, EPSO informed the Ombudsman that, prior to the test, all candidates can make requests online to reschedule. In this case, EPSO assisted the complainant by directly asking the contractor carrying out the tests to reschedule his appointment twice.

The Ombudsman also found that EPSO was justified in refusing to reschedule the test that the complainant missed, as he had not provided a medical certificate proving that he was unable to attend due to illness. The Ombudsman therefore concluded that there was no maladministration by EPSO.

Entscheidung über die gemeinsame Untersuchung in den Fällen 1337/2017/EA und 1338/2017/EA über die Zugänglichkeit für sehbehinderte Bewerber in Auswahlverfahren zur Einstellung von EU-Beamten, die vom Europäischen Amt für Personalauswahl abgehalten werden

Montag | 03 Juni 2019

In dem Fall ging es um zwei Beschwerden sehbehinderter Bewerber, die an Auswahlverfahren zur Einstellung von EU-Beamten teilnahmen, die vom Europäischen Amt für Personalauswahl (EPSO) abgehalten wurden. Die Beschwerdeführer hatten Schwierigkeiten mit den Online-Bewerbungsformularen, die für Menschen, die so genannte Bildschirmleser verwenden, nicht voll zugänglich waren. Ferner waren die Beschwerdeführer der Ansicht, dass das EPSO versäumt hatte, ihren speziellen Bedürfnissen bei den computergestützten Tests nachzukommen, da sie nicht in der Lage waren, die Tests unabhängig zu absolvieren.

Die Bürgerbeauftragte befand, dass das Vorgehen des EPSO einen Missstand darstellte. Sie empfahl dem EPSO, seine Online-Bewerbungsformulare so bald wie möglich für sehbehinderte Bewerber in vollem Umfang zugänglich zu machen. Ferner empfahl sie dem EPSO, eine genaue Frist festzulegen, bis zu der Bewerbern für die in Testeinrichtungen auf der ganzen Welt durchgeführten computergestützten Tests Assistenztechnologien bereitgestellt werden. Schließlich empfahl sie dem EPSO, Bewerber ausdrücklich darüber in Kenntnis zu setzen, dass derzeit nur in bestimmten Phasen von Auswahlverfahren bestimmte Maßnahmen, wie beispielsweise Assistenztechnologien, zur Verfügung stehen, um auf besondere Bedürfnisse einzugehen.

Die Bürgerbeauftragte begrüßt, dass das EPSO als Reaktion auf ihre Empfehlungen die Informationen für Bewerber betreffend das Eingehen auf ihre besonderen Bedürfnisse aktualisiert hat. Des Weiteren begrüßt sie den Vorschlag des EPSO, sehbehinderten Bewerbern die Möglichkeit einzuräumen, computergestützte Tests außerhalb der Testeinrichtungen mithilfe von Technologien für Fernzugang zu absolvieren. Nicht vollständig zufrieden ist die Bürgerbeauftragte hingegen mit der vom EPSO vorgeschlagenen Frist, bis zu der sein Online-Bewerbungsformular voll zugänglich sein soll. Zum Abschluss ihrer Untersuchung wiederholt sie daher diese Empfehlung an das EPSO, betrachtet die anderen Fragen jedoch als erledigt.

Decision in case 52/2018/KT on the allegedly discriminatory treatment of an applicant in staff selection procedures organised by the European Investment Bank

Montag | 18 März 2019

The case concerned allegedly discriminatory treatment by the European Investment Bank (EIB) in its staff selection procedures. The complainant argued that she had not been selected for a number of jobs due to her disability.

While the Ombudsman has drawn attention in this case to a number of important and relevant provisions from the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, she found nothing to suggest that the complainant’s applications had been rejected because of her disability. In the course of the inquiry, it became clear that the complainant had not been aware that a selection test that she had previously taken had remained valid for some time and excluded her from subsequent staff selection procedures. At that point in time, the EIB was not informing applicants of this practice. The Ombudsman welcomes the fact that the EIB is now giving all applicants very clear information about the validity of its staff selection tests.

The Ombudsman therefore closed the case with a finding of no maladministration.

Entscheidung der Europäischen Bürgerbeauftragten zum Abschluss ihrer strategischen Untersuchung OI/6/2017/EA zu der Frage‚ wie die Europäische Kommission sicherstellen kann, dass Menschen mit Behinderungen auf ihre Websites zugreifen können

Donnerstag | 20 Dezember 2018

Die Bürgerbeauftragte befasste sich mit der Frage, wie die Europäische Kommission sicherstellt, dass ihre Websites und die von ihr zur Verfügung gestellten Online-Tools für Menschen mit Behinderungen zugänglich sind.

Die Bürgerbeauftragte fragte die Kommission nach ihrer Nutzung zugänglicher Formate (wie z. B. „leicht lesbar“), wie sie Nutzer in die Lage versetzt, Rückmeldungen zur Zugänglichkeit zu geben, und welche Schulungen sie den Mitarbeitern zu Fragen der Zugänglichkeit anbietet.

Die Bürgerbeauftragte begrüßt es, dass die Kommission Maßnahmen ergriffen hat, um die Zugänglichkeit ihrer Websites und Online-Tools zu verbessern, und dass sie sich für weitere Verbesserungen einsetzt. Es ist wichtig, dass diese Verpflichtungen in der Praxis umgesetzt werden und dass sich die Kommission zu weiteren Schritten verpflichtet. Daher schließt sie ihre Untersuchung mit sechs Verbesserungsvorschlägen ab.